Greek Gods


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ZEUS


Zeus was the youngest son of Cronus (a titan) and Rhea, he was the supreme ruler of Mount Olympus and of the Pantheon of gods who lived there.


Zeus is also the ruler of the sky, and controls the weather, particularly thunder, lightning, clouds, and the wind.His main attribute is the thunderbolt.


He had two brothers and three sisters.His brothers were Hades and Poseidon., and his sisters were Hera, Hestia and Demeter.


Poseidon (Neptune) :King of the Sea.He is also known as the God of horses, earthquakes, and fertility.


Hades (Pluto):King of the Underworld and the ruler of the dead.He is also known as the god of wealth.


Hera:Goddess of marriage ( also one of Zeus’ wives)


Hestia:Goddess of the Home


Metis was Zeus First Wife, Themis was Zeus’s second wife, and Hera replaced Themis.Zeus was not a faithful spouse and his many infidelities kept Hera in a constant rage.Zeus was not afraid of anything, except Hera, his wife.


Children of Zeus:


Apollo:God of the light, twin brother of Artemis

Hermes:Messenger of the Gods, God of the Market

Are:God of War

Artemis:Goddess of the the Hunt and wild animals, twin sister of Apollo

Aphrodite:Goddess of love and beauty.

Athena:Goddess of wisdom, protector of cities.


HERA


Hera is queen of Olympus, sister and wife of Zeus, daughter of Cronus and Rhea, and mother of Ares, Hebe, Hephaestus, and Eileitha.


Hera was the wife and older sister of Zeus.Hera means “ Lady”.She was not the first wife of Zeus. His first wife was Metis, goddess of wisdom.


Hera had an extremely difficult temper as she was always angered by Zeus’s infidelities.She was a jealous wife.

One time, a nymph named Echo had the job of distracting Hera from Zeus’ affairs by incessantly talking. When Hera discovered the deception, she cursed Echo to only speak the words of others (hence our modern word “echo”).


ECHO


Echo was an Oread (a mountain nymph) who loved her own voice.

Zeus loved beautiful nymphs and visited them on Earth often. Hera, his wife, became suspicious, and came to earth from Mt. Olympus to catch him with the nymphs, so Echo would distract and amuse Hera with long and entertaining stories, while Zeus was with the mountain nymphs. When Hera discovered the trick she punished the talkative Echo by taking away her voice, except in foolish repetition of another’s shouted words.

Echo fell in love with a vain youth named Narcissus.But her love was not returned, and she disappeared from woods and mountains, fading away.


NARCISSUS


Narcissus or Narkissos in Greek mythology was a hero from the territory of Thespiae in Boeotia who was known for his beauty.He was the son of the river god Cephisus and the nymph Liriope.

Hearrogant and disdains those who love him. As divine punishment he falls in love with a reflection in a pool, not realizing it was his own, and somehow dies out of frustration. He pined away, and was transformed into the flower which bears his name.The metamorphosis of Narcissus was a punishment for having rejected the nymph Echo.


PANDORA


Zeus ordered Hephaestus (Aphrodite’s husband) to make him a daughter, the first woman made out of clay. Hephaestus made a beautiful woman and named her Pandora, which means “having all the gifts.”


Zeus, the king of the gods, was unhappy because Prometheus had given the fire to man. To balance this, Zeus decided to create Pandora to bring trouble to man.So he gave Pandora a little box, and made her promise never to open the box. But she was very curious. One day, she opened the box and out flew every kind of disease and sickness, hate and envy, and all the bad things that people had never experienced before. Pandora closed the lid, but it was too late. All the bad things were already out of the box. They flew away, out into the world.


Playscripts:

Medusa and Athena


Pandora´s Box


Echo and Narcissus


Theseus and The Minotaur


King Midas

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